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Article publié le : 31 octobre 2021
Article vu : 27 fois depuis le 31 octobre 2021

Fiches 4-5 - Anglais - Caja file manager


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Thunar or Caja ?
Caja - Discovery
Navigate with Caja in folders and files
Caja - the scripts menu
Caja, preferences
Caja, bars and zones
Caja, the windows
Caja : default launch
CAJA, the menu : Aller à, Go to
CAJA, the menu : Display, Affichage
Create a folder
Delete a folder or file
Caja - rename a folder or file
Caja - Trash - Wastebasket
Displaying Caja in a list

Caja, Thunar, Nautilus, Nemo file managers

Thunar or Caja ?
Thunar is very good for the visually impaired because it is less loaded with information.
Caja is better for blind people because it is vocalized. We recommend Caja

Thunar has some interesting ’personalized actions’.
https://aciah-linux.org/spip.php?article20#p
Caja can use personalized actions, thanks to the tool : scripts.

Nautilus and Nemo are other file managers. They allow a more advanced personalization of folders and files. This concerns the visually impaired.
Concretely : launch the Whisker menu and write : Nautilus, or Nemo
Interesting : there are folders or files that do not open with Thunar and that open with Nautilus.

List or icon display ? It depends on the visual field of the person, on his visual strategy. That’s why Aciah-Linux gives the choice to its users.

Caja - Discovery

Launch Caja by pressing WIN + Apostrophe - Enlarge the window with : ALT + F10
We see, from top to bottom :

  • The title bar
  • The menu bar : File, Edit, View, Go to, Bookmarks, Help
  • the Main Toolbar .... inaccessible to blind people.
  • on the left the Side Panel, or shortcuts area, activate/deactivate with the F9 key
  • on the right the Location Bar above the folder area
  • and, at the bottom of the screen, the Status Bar

- You can create an additional panel with the F3 key.
- You can show the hidden files by pressing : CTRL + H
- Zooming is done with : CTRL + + or CTRL + -

- You can switch from the shortcuts area to the files area with F6
- move in these areas with Up Arrow or Down Arrow
- go back to the parent folder with : ALT + Up Arrow
- To rename a folder or a file : F2 key
- To search for a folder or a file : CTRL + F
- To exit Caja, press : ALT + F4 or CTRL + W

Folders and files : navigate with Caja

Press WIN + apostrophe to launch Caja . We hear : the name of your personal folder frame - and tree table.

You are in your personal folder, which can be called Peter, MaryJo, company, etc.

The window has two main areas : the shortcuts area and the file folders area. You can switch from one to the other with the F6 key. You can navigate in each area with the arrow keys.

When you are in the file folders area :

  • navigate in the area with the arrow keys
  • open a folder with Space or Enter
  • go up the tree with : ALT + Left Arrow
  • go back to the personal folder with : ALT + Home.

Close the windows by doing : ALT + F4 or CTRL + W

Caja : the Scripts menu

Caja does not have the custom actions of Thunar but they can be used anyway, thanks to the tool : scripts.

  • in Caja, select a file
  • open the contextual menu by pressing the MENU key on the keyboard or by pressing SHIFT + F10 or by pressing the asterisk key on the disabled numeric keypad
  • go down with the Down Arrow until you hear : scripts
  • Right-arrow once, then use the Down-arrow key to go down to the different scripts that are proposed.

For example :

  • read and get the text
  • read on the fly
  • read with Daisy Player or with VLC
  • compress a file, etc.

and validate with Enter

Caja, preferences

WIN + Apostrophe : launch Caja,
ALT + F10 : enlarge the window, (ALT + F5 to minimize it again)
or : ALT + space and then hit the x key
ALT + A : go to the display menu, to choose : icons, list or compact,
ALT + Up or Down Arrow : navigate in the list of folders and files,
ALT + F4 : close Caja (like CTRL + W),

F2 : rename a folder or a file,
F3 : create an additional panel,
F6 : toggle between the shortcuts area and the folders-files area,
F9 : open/close the side panel (shortcut area),

CTRL + Plus or Dash : enlarge or reduce the size of the text,
CTRL + H : show hidden files,
CTRL + F : search,
CTRL + W : close Caja.

Caja, bars and areas

  • at the top : the title bar
  • at the top, just below the title bar : the menu bar.
  • at the top, just below the menu bar : the tool bar.
  • top left : the shortcuts and bookmarks bar.
  • at the top, a little to the right : the location bar, below the toolbar.
  • bottom : the status bar.
  • on the left : the shortcuts and bookmarks area.
  • on the right : the folders and files area.

Switch from one area to another with the F6 key

Navigate in each zone with Up-Arrow or Down-Arrow

Caja, windows

Act on the windows

ALT+F4 : Close the window
ALT + Clic : Move the window
ALT + Right-Click : Resize the window
ALT + F10 : Maximize window
ALT + F5 : Minimize the window.

Right-click : Launch contextual menu

Customized actions, the scripts menu

Caja doesn’t have Thunar’s custom actions but you can still use them, thanks to the tool : scripts.

  • in Caja, select a file
  • open the contextual menu by pressing the MENU key on the keyboard or by pressing SHIFT + F10 - go down with the Down Arrow until you hear : scripts
  • press Right-Arrow once, then press Down-Arrow until you hear the scripts that are proposed there
    A-lire-et-obtenir-le-texte
    B-lire-a-la-volee
    etc

Bookmarks :

we can make custom bookmarks in the left side panel.
1 - Go to a folder for example : Dropbox.
3 - Launch the Bookmarks menu, by pressing Alt + S and validating with Enter

Caja : the default launch

By default, the file manager, Thunar, opens with Aciah-Linux.

For blind people it is better to use Caja, better vocalized than Thunar.

Here is the procedure :
1 - Do : MAJ + Win + F1 to open the Whisker menu
2 - Write the word : applications. Then validate
3 - Validate with Enter ; You arrive at the default applications and you are on the tab : internet
4 - Make Alt + U once and you are on the tab : Utilities
5 - Tab once, you arrive at a combined box.
6 - With Arrow Up or Arrow Down make appear Caja
7 - Close with Alt + F4

You can recognize CAJA because in the menu bar there is the word : bookmarks.

CAJA , the menu : Go to

Launch CAJA with : WIN + Apostrophe - launch the menu ’Go to’ with : ALT + L

ALT + L : launches the menu ’Go to’ - then, with Down Arrow, we go down to Personal folder
Open the personal folder with Enter
Navigate with Arrow Down or Arrow Up

ALT + L goes back to the ’Go to’ menu - then, with Down Arrow go down to My Computer
Open My Computer with Enter
This way we can open the other partitions in the computer.

ALT + L goes back to the ’Go to’ menu - then, with Down Arrow we go down to Network
You can browse the network with Down Arrow or Up Arrow

ALT + L goes back to the menu ’Go to’ - then, with Down Arrow, you go down to Search
Validate with Enter
Enter a word : report, letter, pdf, txt, or other and validate with Enter
Scroll through the list with Arrow Down or Arrow Up

ALT + L returns to the ’Go to’ menu - then, with Down Arrow you can empty the history of the visited
of the visited locations.

CAJA , the menu : View

Launch CAJA with : WIN + Apostrophe - launch the ’View’ menu with : ALT + A

ALT + A : launches the ’View’ menu -then, with Down Arrow we go down to the Toolbar
You can check or uncheck this bar with Space
You can do the same with the other bars : Side panel
Location bar
Status bar
Additional panel

ALT + A goes back to the ’View’ menu - Down Arrow goes down to Arrange Items
With Right-Arrow (once) and then Down-Arrow, you can choose to sort by name, by size, by type, by date of modification. Validate with Enter.

ALT + A returns to the ’View’ menu - then, with Down Arrow, you go down to Zoom

ALT + A returns to the ’View’ menu - then, with Down Arrow, go down and choose whether you want CAJA to present the folders and files as icons, lists or compact.
Validate with Enter.

Caja : create - delete

Create a folder :

1 - Launch Caja by doing : WIN + apostrophe .
2 - With Down Arrow, go down to the desired folder and validate with Enter.
3 - Click on the word : File or do : ALT + F and validate with Enter.
4 - With Down Arrow, go down to the 3rd line : Create a folder.
5 - Validate with Enter.
6 - You are asked for the name of the new folder.
Enter the name of the new folder and validate with Enter.
That’s it, the folder is created.

Delete a folder or a file :

1 - Launch Caja by doing : WIN + apostrophe .
2 - With Down Arrow, go down to the folder or file to delete.
3 - Press the DELETE key on the keyboard.
4 - Then the deleted item is moved to the Trash.

5 - If you made a mistake, you can go to the Trash, right-click (or SHIFT + F10) on the item deleted by mistake, and choose : Restore

Caja - rename a folder or a file

1- Do : WIN + apostrophe to launch Caja.
2 - Go to the folder or file you want to rename. Do not validate !
3 - Right-click or SHIFT + F10 on this folder or file
a list of tasks is displayed.
4 - Go down with Down Arrow until you hear : Rename.
5 - Validate with Enter. Then the name of the folder or file is selected.
6 - Enter the new name
7 - Validate with Enter.
7 - The file is renamed, it is arranged among the other files in alphabetical order

ATTENTION :
avoid accented letters
Avoid spaces, replace them with a dash 6 or 8.

Caja - Trash - Wastebasket

A) Empty the recycle garbage can.
1 - Launch Caja with : WIN + apostrophe
then press : ALT + L to reach the menu : Go to.
2 - With Down Arrow go to : Trash. Validate with Enter.
3 - With SHIFT + F10, a list of tasks is displayed.
4 - Use Down Arrow to go to : Empty Trash. Validate with Enter.
5 - A warning is displayed. Scroll down until you hear : Cancel or Empty Trash.
6 - Validate with Enter.
B) Restore or delete a file from the Recycle Bin
1 - Launch Caja with : WIN + apostrophe
then do : ALT + L to reach the menu : Go to.
2 - With Down Arrow go to : Trash. Validate with Enter.
3 - With Down Arrow go down to the name of a folder or a file. Do not validate !
4 - With SHIFT + F10, a list of tasks is displayed.
5 - With Down Arrow go down until you hear : Delete permanently or Restore.
If you restore, the document returns to its original place.
6 - Validate with Enter.

Displaying Caja in a list

For a blind person, the list display is preferable. The Caja manager is well suited for this. Here is how to put it in a list :
1 - launch Caja by doing : Win + apostrophe
2 - press : Alt + D to go to the menu : Edit
3 - a dialog box opens : ’preferences of the manager of the files’ comprising seven tabs.
We are on the tab ’view’.
4 - Tab once, to hear : to post the new files by using.
5- We are then in a combined box that we develop with Space.
With the vertical arrows, you choose the desired display, here ’in list’.
and validate the choice with Enter
6- Close with : ALT + F4

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Notes

Attention, certains logiciels et certains raccourcis-clavier sont spécifiques : ils ne fonctionnent qu'avec Aciah-Linux

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